The skin on your scalp regenerates cells every 24 days. This is the same process of regeneration as any other skin cell on your body. New skin cells are formed underneath the outer layer, while old cells slough off to uncover new ones. Scalp flakes are actually old dead skin cells that naturally fall off the scalp.
A normal scalp has a pH of around 5 and a rich collection of oil glands that keep the scalp and hair lubricated. When you experience a dry or irritated scalp it is caused most often by using strong detergents, hard water, or a change in your diet. The lack of natural hair oils can also cause dry hair and a sensitive scalp because you lack enough natural lubrication. Observing dull hair can also be one of the early signs of dry scalp.
Dry scalp can be treated easily by choosing mild shampoos and natural oil moisturizers to nourish your dry scalp. Natural remedies such as an apple cider vinegar rinse will help to restore the pH on your scalp and remove build up left behind by chemical-based shampoos, conditioners, and other hair products.
The issue of dandruff is slightly different. While dandruff is caused by excessive natural hair oil (sebum) production (greasy and yellowish white in color). Dandruff flakes are larger than dry scalp flakes and will not release as easily from the scalp. Someone with dandruff will experience itching and usually has scalp odor.
According to the latest studies, dandruff may be partly caused by harmless yeast colonies (candida)on the human scalp. In some people, the yeast starts to feed on the excess oil and dead skin cells on the scalp, causing the skin cells to shed more frequently and clump into flakes.
Please note that both extreme scalp dryness and dandruff can be a first symptom of some health issues. This is especially important to note when a medical condition like hormonal misbalance, eczema, or psoriasis is to blame.
If you have dandruff, you must practice scalp hygiene to remedy the problem. A natural remedy for dandruff is Rosemary oil, Lemongrass oil, and base oils like Argan or Perilla Seed, which help by balancing your pH levels. These essential oils also help the hair follicles to be clean and unclogged with debris and promote scalp health with stronger blood circulation.
Cleaning out all the dandruff flakes using anti dandruff shampoo with Salicylic Acid, Zinc PCA, or Colloidal Sulfur will wash off excess oil and dead skin cells that have accumulated on your scalp. This leaves the yeast and fungi with fewer sources to continue to feed on.
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